Reset controller API

Introduction

Reset controllers are central units that control the reset signals to multiple peripherals. The reset controller API is split into two parts: the consumer driver interface (API reference), which allows peripheral drivers to request control over their reset input signals, and the reset controller driver interface (API reference), which is used by drivers for reset controller devices to register their reset controls to provide them to the consumers.

While some reset controller hardware units also implement system restart functionality, restart handlers are out of scope for the reset controller API.

Glossary

The reset controller API uses these terms with a specific meaning:

Reset line

Physical reset line carrying a reset signal from a reset controller hardware unit to a peripheral module.

Reset control

Control method that determines the state of one or multiple reset lines. Most commonly this is a single bit in reset controller register space that either allows direct control over the physical state of the reset line, or is self-clearing and can be used to trigger a predetermined pulse on the reset line. In more complicated reset controls, a single trigger action can launch a carefully timed sequence of pulses on multiple reset lines.

Reset controller

A hardware module that provides a number of reset controls to control a number of reset lines.

Reset consumer

Peripheral module or external IC that is put into reset by the signal on a reset line.

Consumer driver interface

This interface provides an API that is similar to the kernel clock framework. Consumer drivers use get and put operations to acquire and release reset controls. Functions are provided to assert and deassert the controlled reset lines, trigger reset pulses, or to query reset line status.

When requesting reset controls, consumers can use symbolic names for their reset inputs, which are mapped to an actual reset control on an existing reset controller device by the core.

A stub version of this API is provided when the reset controller framework is not in use in order to minimize the need to use ifdefs.

Shared and exclusive resets

The reset controller API provides either reference counted deassertion and assertion or direct, exclusive control. The distinction between shared and exclusive reset controls is made at the time the reset control is requested, either via devm_reset_control_get_shared() or via devm_reset_control_get_exclusive(). This choice determines the behavior of the API calls made with the reset control.

Shared resets behave similarly to clocks in the kernel clock framework. They provide reference counted deassertion, where only the first deassert, which increments the deassertion reference count to one, and the last assert which decrements the deassertion reference count back to zero, have a physical effect on the reset line.

Exclusive resets on the other hand guarantee direct control. That is, an assert causes the reset line to be asserted immediately, and a deassert causes the reset line to be deasserted immediately.

Assertion and deassertion

Consumer drivers use the reset_control_assert() and reset_control_deassert() functions to assert and deassert reset lines. For shared reset controls, calls to the two functions must be balanced.

Note that since multiple consumers may be using a shared reset control, there is no guarantee that calling reset_control_assert() on a shared reset control will actually cause the reset line to be asserted. Consumer drivers using shared reset controls should assume that the reset line may be kept deasserted at all times. The API only guarantees that the reset line can not be asserted as long as any consumer has requested it to be deasserted.

Triggering

Consumer drivers use reset_control_reset() to trigger a reset pulse on a self-deasserting reset control. In general, these resets can not be shared between multiple consumers, since requesting a pulse from any consumer driver will reset all connected peripherals.

The reset controller API allows requesting self-deasserting reset controls as shared, but for those only the first trigger request causes an actual pulse to be issued on the reset line. All further calls to this function have no effect until all consumers have called reset_control_rearm(). For shared reset controls, calls to the two functions must be balanced. This allows devices that only require an initial reset at any point before the driver is probed or resumed to share a pulsed reset line.

Querying

Only some reset controllers support querying the current status of a reset line, via reset_control_status(). If supported, this function returns a positive non-zero value if the given reset line is asserted. The reset_control_status() function does not accept a reset control array handle as its input parameter.

Optional resets

Often peripherals require a reset line on some platforms but not on others. For this, reset controls can be requested as optional using devm_reset_control_get_optional_exclusive() or devm_reset_control_get_optional_shared(). These functions return a NULL pointer instead of an error when the requested reset control is not specified in the device tree. Passing a NULL pointer to the reset_control functions causes them to return quietly without an error.

Reset control arrays

Some drivers need to assert a bunch of reset lines in no particular order. devm_reset_control_array_get() returns an opaque reset control handle that can be used to assert, deassert, or trigger all specified reset controls at once. The reset control API does not guarantee the order in which the individual controls therein are handled.

Reset controller driver interface

Drivers for reset controller modules provide the functionality necessary to assert or deassert reset signals, to trigger a reset pulse on a reset line, or to query its current state. All functions are optional.

Initialization

Drivers fill a struct reset_controller_dev and register it with reset_controller_register() in their probe function. The actual functionality is implemented in callback functions via a struct reset_control_ops.

API reference

The reset controller API is documented here in two parts: the reset consumer API and the reset controller driver API.

Reset consumer API

Reset consumers can control a reset line using an opaque reset control handle, which can be obtained from devm_reset_control_get_exclusive() or devm_reset_control_get_shared(). Given the reset control, consumers can call reset_control_assert() and reset_control_deassert(), trigger a reset pulse using reset_control_reset(), or query the reset line status using reset_control_status().

struct reset_control *reset_control_get_exclusive(struct device *dev, const char *id)

Lookup and obtain an exclusive reference to a reset controller.

Parameters

struct device *dev

device to be reset by the controller

const char *id

reset line name

Description

Returns a struct reset_control or IS_ERR() condition containing errno. If this function is called more than once for the same reset_control it will return -EBUSY.

See reset_control_get_shared() for details on shared references to reset-controls.

Use of id names is optional.

struct reset_control *reset_control_get_exclusive_released(struct device *dev, const char *id)

Lookup and obtain a temoprarily exclusive reference to a reset controller.

Parameters

struct device *dev

device to be reset by the controller

const char *id

reset line name

Description

Returns a struct reset_control or IS_ERR() condition containing errno. reset-controls returned by this function must be acquired via reset_control_acquire() before they can be used and should be released via reset_control_release() afterwards.

Use of id names is optional.

struct reset_control *reset_control_get_shared(struct device *dev, const char *id)

Lookup and obtain a shared reference to a reset controller.

Parameters

struct device *dev

device to be reset by the controller

const char *id

reset line name

Description

Returns a struct reset_control or IS_ERR() condition containing errno. This function is intended for use with reset-controls which are shared between hardware blocks.

When a reset-control is shared, the behavior of reset_control_assert / deassert is changed, the reset-core will keep track of a deassert_count and only (re-)assert the reset after reset_control_assert has been called as many times as reset_control_deassert was called. Also see the remark about shared reset-controls in the reset_control_assert docs.

Calling reset_control_assert without first calling reset_control_deassert is not allowed on a shared reset control. Calling reset_control_reset is also not allowed on a shared reset control.

Use of id names is optional.

struct reset_control *reset_control_get_optional_exclusive(struct device *dev, const char *id)

optional reset_control_get_exclusive()

Parameters

struct device *dev

device to be reset by the controller

const char *id

reset line name

Description

Optional variant of reset_control_get_exclusive(). If the requested reset is not specified in the device tree, this function returns NULL instead of an error.

See reset_control_get_exclusive() for more information.

struct reset_control *reset_control_get_optional_shared(struct device *dev, const char *id)

optional reset_control_get_shared()

Parameters

struct device *dev

device to be reset by the controller

const char *id

reset line name

Description

Optional variant of reset_control_get_shared(). If the requested reset is not specified in the device tree, this function returns NULL instead of an error.

See reset_control_get_shared() for more information.

struct reset_control *of_reset_control_get_exclusive(struct device_node *node, const char *id)

Lookup and obtain an exclusive reference to a reset controller.

Parameters

struct device_node *node

device to be reset by the controller

const char *id

reset line name

Description

Returns a struct reset_control or IS_ERR() condition containing errno.

Use of id names is optional.

struct reset_control *of_reset_control_get_shared(struct device_node *node, const char *id)

Lookup and obtain a shared reference to a reset controller.

Parameters

struct device_node *node

device to be reset by the controller

const char *id

reset line name

Description

When a reset-control is shared, the behavior of reset_control_assert / deassert is changed, the reset-core will keep track of a deassert_count and only (re-)assert the reset after reset_control_assert has been called as many times as reset_control_deassert was called. Also see the remark about shared reset-controls in the reset_control_assert docs.

Calling reset_control_assert without first calling reset_control_deassert is not allowed on a shared reset control. Calling reset_control_reset is also not allowed on a shared reset control. Returns a struct reset_control or IS_ERR() condition containing errno.

Use of id names is optional.

struct reset_control *of_reset_control_get_exclusive_by_index(struct device_node *node, int index)

Lookup and obtain an exclusive reference to a reset controller by index.

Parameters

struct device_node *node

device to be reset by the controller

int index

index of the reset controller

Description

This is to be used to perform a list of resets for a device or power domain in whatever order. Returns a struct reset_control or IS_ERR() condition containing errno.

struct reset_control *of_reset_control_get_shared_by_index(struct device_node *node, int index)

Lookup and obtain a shared reference to a reset controller by index.

Parameters

struct device_node *node

device to be reset by the controller

int index

index of the reset controller

Description

When a reset-control is shared, the behavior of reset_control_assert / deassert is changed, the reset-core will keep track of a deassert_count and only (re-)assert the reset after reset_control_assert has been called as many times as reset_control_deassert was called. Also see the remark about shared reset-controls in the reset_control_assert docs.

Calling reset_control_assert without first calling reset_control_deassert is not allowed on a shared reset control. Calling reset_control_reset is also not allowed on a shared reset control. Returns a struct reset_control or IS_ERR() condition containing errno.

This is to be used to perform a list of resets for a device or power domain in whatever order. Returns a struct reset_control or IS_ERR() condition containing errno.

struct reset_control *devm_reset_control_get_exclusive(struct device *dev, const char *id)

resource managed reset_control_get_exclusive()

Parameters

struct device *dev

device to be reset by the controller

const char *id

reset line name

Description

Managed reset_control_get_exclusive(). For reset controllers returned from this function, reset_control_put() is called automatically on driver detach.

See reset_control_get_exclusive() for more information.

struct reset_control *devm_reset_control_get_exclusive_released(struct device *dev, const char *id)

resource managed reset_control_get_exclusive_released()

Parameters

struct device *dev

device to be reset by the controller

const char *id

reset line name

Description

Managed reset_control_get_exclusive_released(). For reset controllers returned from this function, reset_control_put() is called automatically on driver detach.

See reset_control_get_exclusive_released() for more information.

struct reset_control *devm_reset_control_get_optional_exclusive_released(struct device *dev, const char *id)

resource managed reset_control_get_optional_exclusive_released()

Parameters

struct device *dev

device to be reset by the controller

const char *id

reset line name

Description

Managed-and-optional variant of reset_control_get_exclusive_released(). For reset controllers returned from this function, reset_control_put() is called automatically on driver detach.

See reset_control_get_exclusive_released() for more information.

struct reset_control *devm_reset_control_get_shared(struct device *dev, const char *id)

resource managed reset_control_get_shared()

Parameters

struct device *dev

device to be reset by the controller

const char *id

reset line name

Description

Managed reset_control_get_shared(). For reset controllers returned from this function, reset_control_put() is called automatically on driver detach. See reset_control_get_shared() for more information.

struct reset_control *devm_reset_control_get_optional_exclusive(struct device *dev, const char *id)

resource managed reset_control_get_optional_exclusive()

Parameters

struct device *dev

device to be reset by the controller

const char *id

reset line name

Description

Managed reset_control_get_optional_exclusive(). For reset controllers returned from this function, reset_control_put() is called automatically on driver detach.

See reset_control_get_optional_exclusive() for more information.

struct reset_control *devm_reset_control_get_optional_shared(struct device *dev, const char *id)

resource managed reset_control_get_optional_shared()

Parameters

struct device *dev

device to be reset by the controller

const char *id

reset line name

Description

Managed reset_control_get_optional_shared(). For reset controllers returned from this function, reset_control_put() is called automatically on driver detach.

See reset_control_get_optional_shared() for more information.

struct reset_control *devm_reset_control_get_exclusive_by_index(struct device *dev, int index)

resource managed reset_control_get_exclusive()

Parameters

struct device *dev

device to be reset by the controller

int index

index of the reset controller

Description

Managed reset_control_get_exclusive(). For reset controllers returned from this function, reset_control_put() is called automatically on driver detach.

See reset_control_get_exclusive() for more information.

struct reset_control *devm_reset_control_get_shared_by_index(struct device *dev, int index)

resource managed reset_control_get_shared

Parameters

struct device *dev

device to be reset by the controller

int index

index of the reset controller

Description

Managed reset_control_get_shared(). For reset controllers returned from this function, reset_control_put() is called automatically on driver detach. See reset_control_get_shared() for more information.

int reset_control_reset(struct reset_control *rstc)

reset the controlled device

Parameters

struct reset_control *rstc

reset controller

Description

On a shared reset line the actual reset pulse is only triggered once for the lifetime of the reset_control instance: for all but the first caller this is a no-op. Consumers must not use reset_control_(de)assert on shared reset lines when reset_control_reset has been used.

If rstc is NULL it is an optional reset and the function will just return 0.

int reset_control_rearm(struct reset_control *rstc)

allow shared reset line to be re-triggered”

Parameters

struct reset_control *rstc

reset controller

Description

On a shared reset line the actual reset pulse is only triggered once for the lifetime of the reset_control instance, except if this call is used.

Calls to this function must be balanced with calls to reset_control_reset, a warning is thrown in case triggered_count ever dips below 0.

Consumers must not use reset_control_(de)assert on shared reset lines when reset_control_reset or reset_control_rearm have been used.

If rstc is NULL the function will just return 0.

int reset_control_assert(struct reset_control *rstc)

asserts the reset line

Parameters

struct reset_control *rstc

reset controller

Description

Calling this on an exclusive reset controller guarantees that the reset will be asserted. When called on a shared reset controller the line may still be deasserted, as long as other users keep it so.

For shared reset controls a driver cannot expect the hw’s registers and internal state to be reset, but must be prepared for this to happen. Consumers must not use reset_control_reset on shared reset lines when reset_control_(de)assert has been used.

If rstc is NULL it is an optional reset and the function will just return 0.

int reset_control_deassert(struct reset_control *rstc)

deasserts the reset line

Parameters

struct reset_control *rstc

reset controller

Description

After calling this function, the reset is guaranteed to be deasserted. Consumers must not use reset_control_reset on shared reset lines when reset_control_(de)assert has been used.

If rstc is NULL it is an optional reset and the function will just return 0.

int reset_control_status(struct reset_control *rstc)

returns a negative errno if not supported, a positive value if the reset line is asserted, or zero if the reset line is not asserted or if the desc is NULL (optional reset).

Parameters

struct reset_control *rstc

reset controller

int reset_control_acquire(struct reset_control *rstc)

acquires a reset control for exclusive use

Parameters

struct reset_control *rstc

reset control

Description

This is used to explicitly acquire a reset control for exclusive use. Note that exclusive resets are requested as acquired by default. In order for a second consumer to be able to control the reset, the first consumer has to release it first. Typically the easiest way to achieve this is to call the reset_control_get_exclusive_released() to obtain an instance of the reset control. Such reset controls are not acquired by default.

Consumers implementing shared access to an exclusive reset need to follow a specific protocol in order to work together. Before consumers can change a reset they must acquire exclusive access using reset_control_acquire(). After they are done operating the reset, they must release exclusive access with a call to reset_control_release(). Consumers are not granted exclusive access to the reset as long as another consumer hasn’t released a reset.

See also: reset_control_release()

void reset_control_release(struct reset_control *rstc)

releases exclusive access to a reset control

Parameters

struct reset_control *rstc

reset control

Description

Releases exclusive access right to a reset control previously obtained by a call to reset_control_acquire(). Until a consumer calls this function, no other consumers will be granted exclusive access.

See also: reset_control_acquire()

void reset_control_put(struct reset_control *rstc)

free the reset controller

Parameters

struct reset_control *rstc

reset controller

int of_reset_control_get_count(struct device_node *node)

Count number of resets available with a device

Parameters

struct device_node *node

device node that contains ‘resets’.

Description

Returns positive reset count on success, or error number on failure and on count being zero.

struct reset_control *of_reset_control_array_get(struct device_node *np, bool shared, bool optional, bool acquired)

Get a list of reset controls using device node.

Parameters

struct device_node *np

device node for the device that requests the reset controls array

bool shared

whether reset controls are shared or not

bool optional

whether it is optional to get the reset controls

bool acquired

only one reset control may be acquired for a given controller and ID

Description

Returns pointer to allocated reset_control on success or error on failure

struct reset_control *devm_reset_control_array_get(struct device *dev, bool shared, bool optional)

Resource managed reset control array get

Parameters

struct device *dev

device that requests the list of reset controls

bool shared

whether reset controls are shared or not

bool optional

whether it is optional to get the reset controls

Description

The reset control array APIs are intended for a list of resets that just have to be asserted or deasserted, without any requirements on the order.

Returns pointer to allocated reset_control on success or error on failure

int reset_control_get_count(struct device *dev)

Count number of resets available with a device

Parameters

struct device *dev

device for which to return the number of resets

Description

Returns positive reset count on success, or error number on failure and on count being zero.

Reset controller driver API

Reset controller drivers are supposed to implement the necessary functions in a static constant structure reset_control_ops, allocate and fill out a struct reset_controller_dev, and register it using devm_reset_controller_register().

struct reset_control_ops

reset controller driver callbacks

Definition

struct reset_control_ops {
  int (*reset)(struct reset_controller_dev *rcdev, unsigned long id);
  int (*assert)(struct reset_controller_dev *rcdev, unsigned long id);
  int (*deassert)(struct reset_controller_dev *rcdev, unsigned long id);
  int (*status)(struct reset_controller_dev *rcdev, unsigned long id);
};

Members

reset

for self-deasserting resets, does all necessary things to reset the device

assert

manually assert the reset line, if supported

deassert

manually deassert the reset line, if supported

status

return the status of the reset line, if supported

struct reset_control_lookup

represents a single lookup entry

Definition

struct reset_control_lookup {
  struct list_head list;
  const char *provider;
  unsigned int index;
  const char *dev_id;
  const char *con_id;
};

Members

list

internal list of all reset lookup entries

provider

name of the reset controller device controlling this reset line

index

ID of the reset controller in the reset controller device

dev_id

name of the device associated with this reset line

con_id

name of the reset line (can be NULL)

struct reset_controller_dev

reset controller entity that might provide multiple reset controls

Definition

struct reset_controller_dev {
  const struct reset_control_ops *ops;
  struct module *owner;
  struct list_head list;
  struct list_head reset_control_head;
  struct device *dev;
  struct device_node *of_node;
  int of_reset_n_cells;
  int (*of_xlate)(struct reset_controller_dev *rcdev, const struct of_phandle_args *reset_spec);
  unsigned int nr_resets;
};

Members

ops

a pointer to device specific struct reset_control_ops

owner

kernel module of the reset controller driver

list

internal list of reset controller devices

reset_control_head

head of internal list of requested reset controls

dev

corresponding driver model device struct

of_node

corresponding device tree node as phandle target

of_reset_n_cells

number of cells in reset line specifiers

of_xlate

translation function to translate from specifier as found in the device tree to id as given to the reset control ops, defaults to of_reset_simple_xlate().

nr_resets

number of reset controls in this reset controller device

int of_reset_simple_xlate(struct reset_controller_dev *rcdev, const struct of_phandle_args *reset_spec)

translate reset_spec to the reset line number

Parameters

struct reset_controller_dev *rcdev

a pointer to the reset controller device

const struct of_phandle_args *reset_spec

reset line specifier as found in the device tree

Description

This static translation function is used by default if of_xlate in reset_controller_dev is not set. It is useful for all reset controllers with 1:1 mapping, where reset lines can be indexed by number without gaps.

int reset_controller_register(struct reset_controller_dev *rcdev)

register a reset controller device

Parameters

struct reset_controller_dev *rcdev

a pointer to the initialized reset controller device

void reset_controller_unregister(struct reset_controller_dev *rcdev)

unregister a reset controller device

Parameters

struct reset_controller_dev *rcdev

a pointer to the reset controller device

int devm_reset_controller_register(struct device *dev, struct reset_controller_dev *rcdev)

resource managed reset_controller_register()

Parameters

struct device *dev

device that is registering this reset controller

struct reset_controller_dev *rcdev

a pointer to the initialized reset controller device

Description

Managed reset_controller_register(). For reset controllers registered by this function, reset_controller_unregister() is automatically called on driver detach. See reset_controller_register() for more information.

void reset_controller_add_lookup(struct reset_control_lookup *lookup, unsigned int num_entries)

register a set of lookup entries

Parameters

struct reset_control_lookup *lookup

array of reset lookup entries

unsigned int num_entries

number of entries in the lookup array